England comprises most of the central and southern two-thirds of the island of Great Britain, in addition to a number of small islands of which the largest is the Isle of Wight.
Much of England consists of rolling hills and plains, with upland and mountainous terrain in the north and west. Uplands in the north include the Pennines, a chain of mountains dividing east and west, the Lake District, containing the highest mountains in the country, the Cheviot Hills and the North York Moors. Uplands in the west include Dartmoor and Exmoor in the south-west and the Shropshire Hills near Wales. To the south, there are larger areas of flatter land, including East Anglia and the Fens, although hilly areas include the Cotswolds, the Chilterns, and the North and South Downs.
The Isle of Wight, England's largest island is located in the English Channel and separated from the mainland 5 miles away by the Solent. It has 57 miles of coastline and is the home of the famous Cowes Week Regatta - the longest-running regular regatta in the world. Slightly more than half of the island, mainly in the west, is designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The landscape of the AONB is diverse being made up of five different sub-areas which together consist of 11 distinct types of landscape. This diversity is the special attraction of the island leading to its oft-quoted description of "England in Miniature".
The Lake District is a mountainous region in North West England being the largest National Park in England and Wales, and second largest in the British Isles. All the land in England higher than 3000 feet above sea level lies within it, including Scafell Pike, the highest mountain in England. It also contains the deepest and longest lakes in England.
A great fractured maze of muddy creeks and forgotten islands in eastern Essex gives way to the largely unspoilt coastline of Suffolk and Norfolk with steep shingle terraces and low crumbling cliffs, a sign of constant battle with the sea. Inland is the Broads National Park Britain's magical waterland, a uniquely beautiful environment shaped by people working hand in hand with nature over thousands of years.
The Peak District is an upland area in central and northern England, lying mainly in northern Derbyshire, but also covering parts of Cheshire, Greater Manchester and Staffordshire and South and West Yorkshire.
An area of great diversity, it is conventionally split into the northern Dark Peak, where most of the moorland is found and whose geology is gritstone, and the southern White Peak, where most of the population lives and where the geology is mainly limestone-based.
Most of the area falls within the Peak District National Park, whose designation in 1951 made it the first national park in the United Kingdom.